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Quiz 1 Wicks
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Part 1 of 1 – 100 . 0 Points
Question 1 of 25 4 . 0 Points
Which is least likely to be considered an indication of problem behavior in youth?
A . A behavior is excessively intense .
B . A behavior is qualitatively atypical .
C . A behavior is unusual but of no harm to anyone .
D . A behavior is exhibited in inappropriate settings .
Question 2 of 25 4 . 0 Points
Which of the following is true regarding preschooler mental health?
A . Preschoolers have fewer problems than older children .
B . Preschoolers have more problems, but tend to outgrow them .
C . The problems of preschoolers occur at the same rate as older children .
D . Secular trends indicate that the risks for young children and mental illness are decreasing .
Question 3 of 25 4 . 0 Points
When the term syndrome is used in reference to a behavioral disturbance, it suggests that the disorder
A . has a biological cause .
B . has a psychological cause .
C . occurs mostly in early childhood .
D . is characterized by a group of symptoms .
Question 4 of 25 4 . 0 Points
With regard to childhood behavioral problems and age of youth,
A . little relationship exists between age and the occurrence of problems .
B . sometimes what seems to be a relationship between age and the occurrence of a specific disorder may actually reflect the time at which the disorder is first identified .
C . almost all behavior problems of young people appear in some form by age 6 .
D . children cannot be diagnosed with a specific disorder until they are at least 8 years old .
Question 5 of 25 4 . 0 Points
Human development is best viewed as
A . always occurring in stages .
B . changes in individuals due to environmental influences .
C . change in persons over time due to the interactions of many variables .
D . quantitative rather than qualitative growth .
Question 6 of 25 4 . 0 Points
If a disorder occurs only in the presence of Factor X but only when Factor Y or Factor Z are present, we might suspect that Factor X is a _____ cause of the disorder .
A . necessary but not sufficient
B . sufficient but not necessary
C . necessary and sufficient
D . neither necessary nor sufficient
Question 7 of 25 4 . 0 Points
Peter got along quite well as a child, but in adolescence he associated with a “bad” crowd, took drugs, and suffered academically . At 21 years of age, he appears to have put aside these behaviors and has successfully returned to college . Peter’s development is following which of the five adolescent developmental pathways described in the text?
A . Unstable adaptation
B . Unstable maladaptation
C . Decline of adaptation
D . Temporal maladaptation
Question 8 of 25 4 . 0 Points
Resilience is best defined as
A . a person’s characteristics that protect him or her from negative outcomes .
B . characteristics of the environment that protect a person from negative outcomes .
C . one or more factors that work with risk factors to produce a disorder .
D . one or more factors that protect a person in the presence of risk factors for a disorder .
Question 9 of 25 4 . 0 Points
Billy and Kyle are both evaluated at a child assessment clinic at age 6 . Billy comes from an affluent, loving and intact family . He is meeting all developmental tasks and is well adjusted . Kyle is living in poverty with his maternal grandmother after being abandoned by his parents . He is scoring in the clinically significant range on measures that test for behavioral problems . Years later, both boys are re-evaluated and both are found to be well adjusted and developing normally . Kyle reports that he became active in sports and was mentored by caring adults over the years . This is an example of
A . ordinary magic of resilience .
B . multifinality .
C . unstable, maladaptive development .
D . nonnormative development .
Question 10 of 25 4 . 0 Points
Heterotypic continuity refers to the continuance
A . of risk factors across the lifespan .
B . of resilience factors across the lifespan .
C . of a problem in the same form over time .
D . of a problem, with the problem changing in form over time .
Question 11 of 25 4 . 0 Points
In the Strange Situation Kevin does not use his mother as a resource . He does not seem distressed when she leaves and ignores her when she returns . Which attachment style is Kevin exhibiting?
A . Secure
B . Insecure resistant
C . Insecure avoidant
D . Disorganized
Question 12 of 25 4 . 0 Points
Sandy cries easily, has tantrums when facing novel situations, and is highly reactive to stress . Which temperament type best describes Sandy?
A . Easy
B . Slow–to-warm-up
C . Difficult
D . Disorganized
Question 13 of 25 4 . 0 Points
According to models of social cognitive processing, which is central in mediating children’s experiences and their behavior?
A . Their interaction with their parents
B . Their interpretation of their experiences
C . Their earlier attachment to their parents
D . Their temperamental tendencies
Question 14 of 25 4 . 0 Points
Mr . and Mrs . Smith have recently adopted Jimmy, age 9 . They do not know much about his birth history . They are concerned because Jimmy exhibits slow growth and poor motor skills . He also has small eyes and a thin upper lip . Finally, Jimmy seems to have difficulty learning and is quite hyperactive . His pediatrician suspects that
A . Jimmy was exposed to lead early in life .
B . Jimmy’s mother had Rubella while pregnant with Jimmy . *
C . Jimmy’s mother drank while pregnant with Jimmy .
D . Jimmy was born breech .
Question 15 of 25 4 . 0 Points
Many complex human characteristics, such as intelligence and behaviors implicated in behavior disorders, are believed to be associated with
A . a single gene .
B . a single gene in combination with environmental influences .
C . multiple genes .
D . multiple genes in combination with environmental influences .
Question 16 of 25 4 . 0 Points
Michael inherits a genetic propensity for high-activity level from his parents and the parents have created a family environment that is highly active . This is an example of a _______ gene-environment correlation .
A . active
B . passive
C . reactive
D . redundant
Question 17 of 25 4 . 0 Points
Attention, memory, concept formation, strategies to mentally manipulate information, and problem solving are examples of
A . instrumental processes .
B . observational processes .
C . cognitive processes
D . unconscious processes
Question 18 of 25 4 . 0 Points
In an ecological model of development, _______ contexts would be expected to have relatively more direct impact .
A . cultural
B . distal
C . proximal
D . pathologica .
Question 19 of 25 4 . 0 Points
According to the book, the definition of _________ is probably the most difficult and controversial .
A . emotional maltreatment
B . neglect
C . physical abuse
D . sexual abuse
Question 20 of 25 4 . 0 Points
Which of the following children is at the highest risk for abuse?
A . A one year-old with physical disabilities
B . A 12 year-old from a large family
C . A 17 year-old with failing grades
D . A 13 year-old Black male living in an impoverished neighborhood
Question 21 of 25 4 . 0 Points
Which of the following variables is thought to contribute to a youngster’s adjustment to divorce?
A . The youngster’s prior level of adjustment
B . Individual characteristics of parents
C . The youngster’s prior level of adjustment and individual characteristics of parents
D . The youngster’s prior level of adjustment, individual characteristics of parents, and ethnic differences
Question 22 of 25 4 . 0 Points
Which of the following statements regarding the impact of poverty on youth is accurate?
A . Rates of poverty are equal across racial groups .
B . Single female-headed households are at higher risk for poverty than married households .
C . Childrearing practices do not vary by social class .
D . Poverty is most damaging to middleschoolers .
Question 23 of 25 4 . 0 Points
The term acculturation refers to
A . the elimination of cultural influences so as to understand the effect of individual variables .
B . changes in culture resulting from different cultures coming in contact with each other .
C . the attempt to provide cultural experiences, such as music and art to at-risk children .
D . interventions to overcome the negative impact of a youngster’s cultural background .
Question 24 of 25 4 . 0 Points
Which of the following is an example of molecular family stability?
A . Living in a family with no divorce history
B . Living in the same home and never moving
C . Consistency in who lives in the home
D . Having a regular bed time
Question 25 of 25 4 . 0 Points
Which of the following statements regarding abuse is correct?
A . Physical abuse is harder to detect than other forms of maltreatment .
B . Sexual abuse of boys is more common than that of girls .
C . Refusing special education when needed can be considered neglect .
D . According to the book, in 2009 there were less than 200,000 cases of maltreatment reported in the U . S .