Q1. In Sumer the ______________ constituted the principal unit of organization.
Q2. According to the Sumerians, human beings were created
a. to rule the earth.
b. to act as the god’s representatives on earth.
c. so that the gods would have servants.
d. by the moon in a moment of wild passion.
Q3. Urbanization tends to lead to
a. a decrease in population size.
b. a weak and fragmented central government.
c. a specialization of arts and professions.
d. the growth of small family farms.
Q4. The famous listing of the 282 laws on an eight-foot-high block of basalt stone from
ancient Babylon is called the
a. Code of Hammurabi.
b. Ten Commandments.
c. victory stele of Naram-Sin.
d. Book of Deuteronomy.
Q5. The Mesopotamians
a. did not believe in an afterlife.
b. believed in heaven, but not hell.
c. believed in hell, but not heaven.
d. believed in an underworld where the shades of the dead resided.
Q6. The cultivation of wheat and barley allowed people for the first time to
a. live in permanent shelters.
b. domesticate animals.
c. navigate rivers.
d. live by hunting and gathering.
Q7. In the bas-reliefs that decorated the walls of Assyrian palaces, one is likely to see
a. captives being humanely treated.
b. royal lion hunts.
c. beautiful Assyrian queens.
d. Assyrian army conquests.
Q8. The Sumerian writing system is called
Q9. The Sumerian creation myth stated that
a. there was a single male creator god.
b. all people were given immortality by the gods.
c. the first people arrived on earth in magic boats.
d. the cosmic mountain arose from the primeval sea.
Q10. In Sumer symbolic mountains called ______________ were constructed, featuring a
temple on the top.
Q11. After the Assyrian and Persian invasions during the seventh and sixth centuries B.C.,
the next foreign rulers of Egypt were the
Q12. Nubia is a geographical term that refers to
a. the portion of the Nile valley below Thebes.
b. all of West Africa.
c. the area that is now modern Morocco.
d. the portion of the Nile Valley between the first and sixth cataracts.
Q13. The French scholar Champollion was able to translate Egyptian hieroglyphics because
he realized that
a. hieroglyphics are a form of Assyrian script.
b. the Egyptian language contained very few words.
c. the Rosetta stone contains the same message in three languages.
d. the Rosetta stone was actually written in a Phoenician dialect.
Q14. The New Kingdom began at the end of the Seventeenth Dynasty when
a. King Tutankhamen was crowned.
b. Queen Hatshepsut ruled.
c. the Greek historian, Herodotus, made his visit to Egypt.
d. the Hyksos invaders were finally expelled from Egypt.
Q15. The Egyptian Book of the Dead contains
a. rituals and secret magical formulas to help individuals pass into the afterlife.
b. the Ten Commandments, which Moses gave to the Israelites.
c. the story of the pharaoh Akhenaton’s worship of Ra, the sun.
d. a list of all those who died in battle.
Q16. During the period of history in which Egyptian culture flourished, known as the
______________ period, the sun god Aten was worshiped, and Egypt was very prosperous
Q17. Which statement about the Nubian kingdom of Kush is incorrect?
a. Queen mothers played an important role in selection of the king.
b. The kingdom founded by Kashta survived for over a thousand years.
c. A Nubian king conquered Egypt and ruled for fifty years.
d. Social class structure was based on occupation and education.
Q18. No other aspect of the Egyptian mentality is more fundamental to Egyptian culture
than its belief in
a. the soul’s ability to survive death.
b. the view that the soul and body die together.
c. heaven and hell.
d. reincarnation as an animal.
Q19. Under the Pharaoh ________________, the god Aten was elevated to new
a. Amenophis IV
Q20. Menes was the Egyptian pharaoh who
a. united Upper and Lower Egypt.
b. built the first dikes along the Nile.
c. built the first step pyramid.
d. ruled as regent for a nephew.
Q21. The Greeks maintained that an individual had choices to make and a pattern of life to
Q22. The lyric in Greece was inseparable from
b. public religious rites.
d. public civic rituals.
Q23. In Homer’s Iliad, the heroes of the two opposing sides were
a. Memnon and Penthisilea.
b. Menelaos a
c. Agamemnon and Aeneas.
d. Achilles and Hektor.
Q24. The civilizations of ancient Greece and Rome are often referred to collectively as
Q25. Which of the following most inspired Minoan art?
a. the Egyptians
b. the storm gods
d. matriarchal figures
Q26. Where did the earliest Greek civilization develop?
a. on Crete
b. in Egypt
c. in Troy
d. in Macedonia
Q27. Cronos was deposed by his son ____________ who became lord of the heavens.
Q28. Throughout the Iliad, the following three levels of interpretation are intertwined:
a. humankind, the gods, and spirits of nature.
b. internal, external, and universal.
c. love, hate, and indifference.
d. individual, collective, and cosmic.
Q29. Sappho’s lyric poetry developed
a. as an alternative to the male world of politics and warfare.
b. along the same lines as epic poetry.
c. in order to praise the god Apollo.
d. from earlier poetry of Mesopotamia and Egypt.
Q30. During the Archaic period in Greece in which the political unit of the city-state, or
polis, was formed, the government that evolved was called
a. a plutocracy.
b. a democracy.
c. an aristocracy.
d. an oligarchy.
Q31. The first Greek temples were shaped like
a. circular huts.
c. perfect squares.
d. rectangular boxes.
Q32. Which statement about Athenian society is correct?
a. Male and female citizens took part in government.
b. Many slaves lived and worked in the city.
c. The Assembly of the People was chosen by lot.
d. Citizens supervised slaves but did no work.
Q33. In Greek architecture the two most important “orders” were
a. Metope and Triglyph.
b. Doric and Ionic.
c. Abacus and Echinus.
d. Spartan and Athenian.
Q34. At the end of the Peloponnesian War, Athens was defeated by
Q35. Which statement about the wives of citizens in classical Athens is correct?
a. They took an important part in politics.
b. They served as hostesses at dinner parties and learned to discuss philosophy.
c. They owned land and rode around to manage their distant farms.
d. They were expected to stay at home and manage their servants and children.
Q36. In his treatise on architecture, Vitruvius describes Doric and Ionic respectively as
a. oppressive and enlightening.
b. lofty and earthy.
c. idealistic and realistic.
d. masculine and feminine.
Q37. Athenian women
a. could be citizens.
b. could not be citizens, but did have rights in law.
c. could not be citizens and did not have rights in law.
d. played key roles in public political life.
Q38. The Greeks’ society and art was ruled by the ideal of
Q39. The forms of government of Athens and Sparta were, respectively,
a. anarchy and democracy.
b. socialism and capitalism.
c. oligarchy and aristocracy.
d. democracy and oligarchy
Q40. One of the first female nude sculptures is the fourth
-century B.C. Cnidian
a. water nymph.