Interpersonal health behavior
Web of Relationships
Shapes a person’s cognitions, beliefs, emotions, & feelings
Interactions with family, friends, & coworkers influences social support, access to information, and social capital
Provides intimacy, companionship, and enhances well- being and health
Provides resources to cope with illness or identify and solve problems
Increasing contacts, discovering new information, and gaining access to community resources produces a sense of personal control over specific situations
Provides resource mobilization: helping people cope with stressors
Example: cancer support group
Provides motivation to maintain healthy habits
Example: Exercise buddy, quit smoking partner
Dynamic and complex
Influences of social networks can be positive or negative
Example: Friends may model:
Exercising, healthy eating, or recycling
Excessive drinking, reckless driving, or violence
Absence of a network is harmful, yet at some point more ties doesn’t equal more benefits
Strong ties are good, yet weaker ties can offer new information and contacts
Not all members of a social network are equally effective at offering support
Enhance existing networks
Develop new networks
Identify natural helpers/community members who can link other community members to resources they need
Build community capacity to solve problems
Example: community members create groups to address health and safety concerns e.g.; MADD
Facebook, Twitter, Intsa, TikTok, etc.
Influences members beliefs and behaviors
Online support groups connect people across the world
Stress, Coping, and Health Behavior
Interpersonal interactions and communications
Positive and negative effects on health
Personal susceptibility and severity
Transactional Model of Stress and Coping
Health Belief Model
Active coping efforts
Related to self-efficacy construct
SCT and TTM
This is an example of how you can use theories together to address issues. For appraising the issue, you can look at models such as the HBM. Then to actively work towards building coping skills and mechanisms, you can move to TTM or the SCT.
Stress and Coping
Information seeking – an effort to reduce or manage uncertainty and reduce distress.
Monitors: active seekers
Blunters: avoid information
Data suggest information seekers have higher SES, higher levels of physical activity, and a healthier diet.
Relationship between physical health and functioning.
Community level violence associated with anxiety and depressive symptoms.
Discrimination may have indirect and direct pathways to negative health outcomes due to low-SES conditions, greater exposure to stressors, internalized racism, and subjective experiences.
Interpersonal Communication and Health
Interpersonal communication may contribute to individual health.
Direct effect on health
Indirect effect through proximal outcomes such as understanding, trust, and satisfaction
Intermediate outcomes such as health behaviors, adherence, and decision making.
Key functions: fostering relationship, exchanging and managing information, validating and managing emotions, managing uncertainty, and decision making.
Moderator variables: health literacy, social distance, physician attitude toward patients, patient preferences for roles, and external environment.
Interpersonal Health Behavior may be influenced by friends, family members, co-workers, health care workers and others.
Using key individuals (i.e.; natural helpers) to implement interventions represents a practical strategy to improve health outcomes.
Interpersonal communication and health can be enhanced by utilizing theory i.e.; SCT, Social Networks, & Social Support.