War, Peace & Prosperity

Please refer to War, Peace and Prosperity in the Name of God (WPP) to answer one of the following questions:

1) What do the conventional sociology and political science literatures argue about the role of religion in sociopolitical stability and why? According to the book, how do Abrahamic monotheisms factor into these effects?

2) How did religious identity come to bear on European and Ottoman relations in the 15th through the early-20th centuries? How did that effect European institutions and what does this imply about the relationship between culture and institutional change?